Treaty Rome

Roman Empire Rise and fall?

please, i need the main points of why the roman empire rose and fell, thanks

Rome is a city in Italy, that during it's earliest periods was a kingdom, but after many problems with this system of government, they killed the last of the Roman kings and became the Roman Republic (SPQR). This Republic was much more of a stabilized government, and allowed for better decisions and more organized governing to take place. Taking on many cultural similarities to the Greeks they were able to grow into the Italian Peninsula and fight off the Gaulic tribes to the North, and the Epirus people, the Samnites, and the Latin league to the south.

With control of Italy they saw the new challenge of fighting against another growing empire, Carthage. Carthage was a city in modern day Tunisia. It had a large military and was seen as an arrow aimed at Rome itself. After large amounts of Sicily were absorbed into the Roman Republic, Carthage declared war. Mainly naval battles took place in the First Punic war, but after a surprise attack, Carthage surrendered to Rome. The second Punic war was led by Hannibal. Hannibal famously took his army plus a few elephants over the Alps to face Rome in the North. Hannibal defeated many of the generals but due to the lack of siege equipment, he did not assault Rome. Soon Rome built up the power to attack Carthage directly, Hannibal was ordered back to defend. In northern Africa Rome defeated Hannibal and ended the second Punic war. A treaty was then made that the Carthaginians were not able to dispatch military forces without the express permission of Rome. Carthage, after one of their Towns had been taken by numidians, dispatched an army to face them, thus violating the treaty. Rome Dispatched an army to face Carthage and Carthage was burnt and raised to the ground, where they then apparently spread salt across the ground so that nothing would ever grow there again.

After Carthage and it's people no longer being a threat, Rome was able to take all of Iberia, and start to move into Greece and Macedonia. This lead to the Macedonian wars in which Rome conquered Macedon and all of Greece. After the Macedonian wars, a dying King Atalus III of Pergamum left all of his lands to Rome to avoid, meaning that most of Asia Minor became in control of Rome.

Over the next century many of the important policies that kept peace within Rome and it's Senate were broken under times of Pressure. Then Julius Caesar led an army into Gaul and Germania and Conquered all of Gaul (Modern day France).
After conquering these lands Julius Caesar rallied his army to take Rome for himself. Julius succeeded in the taking of Rome against the Senate and Pompey, and became 'Dictator for Life', but not emperor. He was later assassinated by past Senators.

Augustus Caesar became the first Emperor of the Roman Empire as he came to power, and the rule of Roman emperors began. Over the next 300 years the Roman empire experienced Barbarian invasion, rebellions, political disputes and the splitting of the empire between east and west.
The roman empire mainly fell over the mass hordes of 'Barbarians' that had dwelled beyond the river Rhine. But these barbarians were didn't originally have the ambition to take lands from the Romans. The eastern people named the Huns made their way through northern eastern Europe and causing many other tribes and people to migrate westwards to avoid being pillaged by this new threat. The Goths, the Franks, the Lombardii, the Burgundii, and the Saxons saw this new threat and migrated to the western empire, whether by force or peace. The Saxons sailed boats for new lands in Britannia. The Franks took much of Gaul from the western Roman Empire, The Vandals took southern Hispania (Spain) but then being driven out to northern Africa. There they settled in modern day Tunisia and Algeria and pillaged the islands around Rome and then finally sacked Rome. The lombardii took northern Italy, the Burgundii took southern Gaul. The Goths splitted into the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths. The Visigoths claimed most of the Iberian peninsula and south western France, leading to wars with the franks. The Ostrogoths claimed much of Italy and Austria. This led to the major downfall to the western Roman Empire. The Eastern Roman Empire however, was able to survive as the Byzantines. They led wars against the Sassanian empire and defended their capitol, Constantinople (modern day Istanbul) against the 'barbarians'. They finally fell when the Ottomans invaded in 1453. Thus ending the Roman Nations, but the mark that the Romans made on modern Europe is shown everywhere, the names have stuck and the stories have lasted.

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BELGIUM 2 EUROS 2007 THE TREATY OF ROME BI METAL COIN UNC
BELGIUM 2 EUROS 2007 THE TREATY OF ROME BI METAL COIN UNC
$6.99
GERMANY 2 EUROS 2007 THE TREATY OF ROME BI METAL COIN UNC
GERMANY 2 EUROS 2007 THE TREATY OF ROME BI METAL COIN UNC
$6.99
Italy 2 euro 2007 Treaty of Rome UNC 1930
Italy 2 euro 2007 Treaty of Rome UNC 1930
$5.02
93492 Belgium 2 Euro Treaty of Rome 2007 Brussels KM247 MS65 70 Proof
93492 Belgium 2 Euro Treaty of Rome 2007 Brussels KM247 MS65 70 Proof
$97.50
  GERMANY 2007 F  10 Euro SILVER 50 years Treaty of ROME  DEUTSCHLANDC1993
GERMANY 2007 F 10 Euro SILVER 50 years Treaty of ROME DEUTSCHLANDC1993
$19.00
  GERMANY 2007 F  10 Euro SILVER 50 years Treaty of ROME  DEUTSCHLANDC1993
GERMANY 2007 F 10 Euro SILVER 50 years Treaty of ROME DEUTSCHLANDC1993
$19.00
Belgium 1987 Treaty Of Rome 5 Ecu Silver Proof
Belgium 1987 Treaty Of Rome 5 Ecu Silver Proof
$69.95
1987 Belgium Ecu Gold  Silver Coin Set Charles V Treaty of Rome In Box w COA
1987 Belgium Ecu Gold Silver Coin Set Charles V Treaty of Rome In Box w COA
$625.00
2007 Germany 2 Euro Commemorative Coin Treaty Of Rome D Mint
2007 Germany 2 Euro Commemorative Coin Treaty Of Rome D Mint
$4.50
Slovenia 2 euro 2007 TOR Treaty of Rome BiMetallic UNC
Slovenia 2 euro 2007 TOR Treaty of Rome BiMetallic UNC
$29.99
Greece Grece Griechenland Grecia 2 euros 2007 Treaty of Rome
Greece Grece Griechenland Grecia 2 euros 2007 Treaty of Rome
$2.60
  GERMANY 2007 F  10 Euro SILVER 50 years Treaty of ROME  DEUTSCHLANDC1994
GERMANY 2007 F 10 Euro SILVER 50 years Treaty of ROME DEUTSCHLANDC1994
$24.00
2007 Belgium 2 euro Proof coin 50th Treaty of Rome new in box + COA
2007 Belgium 2 euro Proof coin 50th Treaty of Rome new in box + COA
$79.95
BELGIUM BELGIEN 2 EURO TREATY OF ROME IN BLISTER BIMETAL BI METALLIC 2007 UNC
BELGIUM BELGIEN 2 EURO TREATY OF ROME IN BLISTER BIMETAL BI METALLIC 2007 UNC
$7.99
Finland 2 euro 2007 TOR Treaty of Rome BiMetallic UNC
Finland 2 euro 2007 TOR Treaty of Rome BiMetallic UNC
$6.99
1997 Belgium Large Silver Proof 5 ecu Treaty of Rome King Baudouin Albert
1997 Belgium Large Silver Proof 5 ecu Treaty of Rome King Baudouin Albert
$49.99
2007 Netherlands 2 Euro Uncirculated Coin Treaty of Rome 50 Years
2007 Netherlands 2 Euro Uncirculated Coin Treaty of Rome 50 Years
$6.95
Greece 2 Euros Greek Coin 2007 LK 50 years Treaty of Rome 1957 2007
Greece 2 Euros Greek Coin 2007 LK 50 years Treaty of Rome 1957 2007
$5.50
Belgium 1997 Treaty of Rome 5 Ecu Silver CoinProof
Belgium 1997 Treaty of Rome 5 Ecu Silver CoinProof
$45.91
1987 Belgium 50 ECU Treaty of Rome Anniversary Gold Coin NGC PF 69
1987 Belgium 50 ECU Treaty of Rome Anniversary Gold Coin NGC PF 69
$788.88
2007 Belgium 2 Euro BU Coin Treaty of Rome in Blister
2007 Belgium 2 Euro BU Coin Treaty of Rome in Blister
$19.95
SLOVENIA 2 EURO 2007 TOR Treaty of Rome Commemorative Coin  UNC RARE
SLOVENIA 2 EURO 2007 TOR Treaty of Rome Commemorative Coin UNC RARE
$21.90
Ek Bag 2 Euro UNC PORTUGAL 2007  50 Year of the Treaty of Rome  25 Coins
Ek Bag 2 Euro UNC PORTUGAL 2007 50 Year of the Treaty of Rome 25 Coins
$130.00
RM 17x 2 EURO COMMEMORATIVE TREATY OF ROME
RM 17x 2 EURO COMMEMORATIVE TREATY OF ROME
$174.90
BELGIUM 2 EURO 2007  TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome  UNC
BELGIUM 2 EURO 2007 TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome UNC
$5.70
FINLAND 2 EURO coin 2007  TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome  UNC
FINLAND 2 EURO coin 2007 TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome UNC
$6.90
Slovenia 2 euro coin 2007 Treaty of Rome OFFICIAL ROLL of 25 coins RARE
Slovenia 2 euro coin 2007 Treaty of Rome OFFICIAL ROLL of 25 coins RARE
$669.00
LUXEMBOURG 2 EURO coin 2007 TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome  UNC
LUXEMBOURG 2 EURO coin 2007 TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome UNC
$5.50
Belgium 1987 Ecu Gold  Silver cased proof set Charles V treaty of Rome
Belgium 1987 Ecu Gold Silver cased proof set Charles V treaty of Rome
$750.00
NETHERLANDS 2 EURO coin 2007 TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome  UNC
NETHERLANDS 2 EURO coin 2007 TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome UNC
$6.90
PORTUGAL 2 EURO coin 2007  TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome  UNC
PORTUGAL 2 EURO coin 2007 TOR 50th anniversary of the Treaty of Rome UNC
$5.90
GERMANY 10 Mark 1987 Silver Treaty of Rome PROOF A66 1270
GERMANY 10 Mark 1987 Silver Treaty of Rome PROOF A66 1270
$15.82
2007 Italy 2 Euro Uncirculated Coin Treaty of Rome 50 Years
2007 Italy 2 Euro Uncirculated Coin Treaty of Rome 50 Years
$7.00
IRELAND OFFICAL TREATY OF ROME PROOF EURO COIN SET 2007 9 coins
IRELAND OFFICAL TREATY OF ROME PROOF EURO COIN SET 2007 9 coins
$45.00
Italy 50th Anniversary Treaty of Rome Silver 10 Euro 2007 PROOF
Italy 50th Anniversary Treaty of Rome Silver 10 Euro 2007 PROOF
$80.00
Hungary 50 Forint Treaty of Rome 2007 km805 Commemorative Coin
Hungary 50 Forint Treaty of Rome 2007 km805 Commemorative Coin
$4.99
Belgium 10 Euro 2007 Treaty of Rome
Belgium 10 Euro 2007 Treaty of Rome
$24.99
Hungary 50 Forint 2007 Treaty of Rome  First day mint in a letter
Hungary 50 Forint 2007 Treaty of Rome First day mint in a letter
$10.00
Hungary Forint coin set 2007  50th Anniversary of the Treaty of Rome
Hungary Forint coin set 2007 50th Anniversary of the Treaty of Rome
$35.00
Italy 2 euro 2007 TOR Treaty of Rome BiMetallic UNC
Italy 2 euro 2007 TOR Treaty of Rome BiMetallic UNC
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10 lei 2007 - 50th Anniversary of the Treaty of Rome.

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